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Olga Šarc-Lahodny,

Date of birth:

  • 04/26/1928

Place of birth:

  • Požega

Date of death:

  • 07/06/2016

Place of death:

  • Zagreb

Academic titles:

  • doctor of Science
  • professor

Institutions:

  • Professor (retired) - Faculty of Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering, University of Zagreb

Functions in Academy:

  • head of - Institute for Corrosion Research and Desalinization in Dubrovnik (1984. - 2016.)
  • secretary-General - The International Committee for the Study of Bauxite, Alumina and Aluminium (1972. - 2011.)

Membership in Academy:

  • associate member - Department of Technical Sciences (06/06/1975 - 07/06/2016)

Biography

Born, place:

  • 26.04.1928, Požega, Hrvatska

Education:

  • 1953: Dipl. ing. Technical Faculty, Chemical-technolog. Dept., University of Zagreb
  • 1962: D.sc. in Chemistry, Technical Faculty, University of Zagreb

 Post-doctoral studies:

  •  1966/67 Museum d'histoire naturelle, Paris, France
  •  1967/68 University of California Los Angeles (U.C. L.A.), USA
Foreign languages:
  • Speaks, reads and writes: English and French, reads: Italian, German and Russian.

Professional positions:

  • 1953 -1955 Assistant, Institute for Silicate Chemistry, Yugoslav.  Acad. of Sciences and Arts in Zagreb.
  • 1955 -1963 Assistant of Physical Chemistry, Technical Faculty, Chemical-technolog. Dept., University of Zagreb.
  • 1963 - 1967 Assistant Professor,Technological Faculty, University of Zagreb.
  • 1967 - 1971 Associate Professor, Technolog. Faculty, University of Zagreb.
  • 1971 - 1977 Professor, Tehnological Faculty, University of Zagreb.
  • 1977 -1998 Professor, Mining, Geology and Petrol. Eng. Dept., University of Zagreb.
  • 1988 retired.
  • 1975 Associate member of Yugoslav Academy of Sc. and Arts in Zagreb.
  • 1982 / 1983, 3 months consultant of UNESCO (The United Nation Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization), Andhra University, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • From 1984 Honorary Director of The Institute for Corrosion Research and Desalination, Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts.

Cooperation with foreign scientific institutes (published results marked in Bibliography):

  • Museum d'histoire naturelle, Paris, France (A7,A8).
  • Geology Dept., University of Columbia-Missouri, Columbia, MO, USA (A25,A28,A29, A36),
  • Purdue University, Lafayette, IN, USA (A12, C52, C54)
  • Andhra University, Andhra Pradesh, India (A28).
  • Eötvös Lóránd University, Budapest, Hungary (A24).
  • Université Claude Bernard, Lyon, France (A15, C53).
  • Technical University, Praha, Chechoslovakia (E98)
  • U.C.L.A, University of California Los Angeles, USA (A13).
  • Geological Survey, Urbana, Illinois, USA, (A14, E98).

Visites of foreign institutions and given lectures:

  • USA:
    1979, 2 months, Fontana Corrosion Center, Dept.of Metallurgy, Ohio State University, USA. 1969, 1983, 1985 and 1990 a month every year. Exchange   program between National Academy of Science in Washington, USA and Yug. Acad. Sc. & Arts in Zagreb. Given lectures in: - Dept. of Geology, University of   Missouri - Columbia, Columbia, MO. John Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD. University of South Dakota, School of Mines, Rapid City, SD. University of Texas, Austin, TX. University Purdue, Lafayette, Indiana, IN. Kaiser Aluminium & Chemical Corporation, Oakland, CA. Geological Survey, Urbana, ILL. US Geological Survey, Denver, CO. Union Oil Comp., Brea CA.
  • Great Britain:
    Exchange program between The Royal Society, UK, and Yug. Acad. Sc. & Arts in Zagreb, 1980, 1982, 1983,1984 and 1989, ( every year 2 weeks with a given lecture): National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, Midlesex.Dept. of Metallurgy, University of Leeds, Leeds. Corrosion and Protection Centre, University Manchester, UMIST. Robert Gordon's Institute of Technology, Aberdeen.The Macaulay Institute for Soil Research Aberdeen. Dept.of Metallurgy and Materials Science, University of Cambridge. Clays Lovering Pochin & Co. Ltd. St. Austel, Cornwall. Dept.of Chemistry. University of Birmingham, Birmingham. Dept. of Metallurgy and Science of Materials, Oxford. School of Mines, Imperial College, London.
  • China:
    1980 three weeks, Exchange program between Academia Sinica, Academy of Science and Yug Acad. Sc. & Arts in Zagreb. Lecture given in: Geological Institute, Chemical Eng. Dept. University of Bejing. Institute for Corrosion and Protection of Metals. Academia Sinica, Shenyang. Institute of Metal Research, Shanghai. Institute of Civil Engineering, Nanjing.

Invited Visiting Professor:

USA:  
  • 1969 - Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana „ Weathering Processes Involved in Genesis of Bauxites“.
  • 1990 - Purdue University, Lafayette, Indiana: “Hydrothermyl Synthesis of Hydrated Aluminosilicates“.
Hungary:
  • 1971 – Invited lecture in Hungarian Academy of Science (Magyar Tudomanyos Akademia): Contribution to the Knowledge of Structure and Physico-chemical Properties of Molecular Sieves.
  • 1978 - Invited lecture in Hungarian Academy of Science: „Contribution to the Study of Aluminium Hydroxide Gels“.

Ukraina:

  • 1973 - Invited by Ucrainien Academy of Sciences, Institute of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistrty, (Institut Obščej i Anorganičeskoj Himiji Akad. Nauk USSR), Kiev. Lecture: “Synthesis and Physicochemical Properties of Zeolites“.

Norway:

  • 1977 - Invited by Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskapelige Forskningsräd (Senior Scientist Visiting Program):  Technical University, Trondheim, University Blindern, Oslo, - University Bergen. Lectures: „Phase Composition of Hydrated Alumina Obtained by the Reaction of Amalgamated Aluminium with Water“. “On the Mechanism of Corrosion Inhibition of Iron and Mild Steel in water Solutions by Some Nonpollutant Inhibitors“.
Germany:
  • 1977 - Lecturer in 4th Intensive Course:“Theory and Practice: Corrosion Inhibitors“, DECHEMA (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Chemisches Apparatewesen, Chemische Technik und Biotechnologie e.V., Frankfurt).
India:
  • 1982/83 - Consultant “UNITED NATIONS EDUCATIONAL, SCIENTIFIC AND CULTURAL ORGANIZATION (UNESCO), Andhra University, Visakhapatnam, A.P. India.Lectures: „ X-Ray Diffraction analyses of Hydrated Aluminosilicates and bauxite ores“

Slovenia:

  • O. Šarc-Lahodny: Seminar Odsjeka za fizikalno kemijo Instituta Jožef  Stefan in Laboratorija za kemijske vire energije Kemijskega instituta Boris Kidrič. „Mehanizmi inhibicije v vodnih hladilnih sistemih: ibhibitorji v hladnih sistemih, mehanizmi inhibicije, ekološki vplivi inhibitorjev, trndi razvoja inhibitorjev“. (1989).

Membership in scientific and professional organizations:

  • Associate member of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts from 1975,
  • Croatian Chemical Society,
  • Društvo inženjera i tehnologa Hrvatske,
  • Groupe Français des Argiles,
  • Clay Mineral Society, USA,
  • National Society of Corrosion Egineers, NACE, USA,
  • European Federation of Corrosion, member of „Inhibitors Working Party“ and „Marine Corrosion Party“.
  • International Society of Electrochemistry,(ISE) Zürich, Switzerland,
  • New York Academy of Sciences,
  • Croatian Society for Materials Protection,
  • Znanstveno vijeće za pomorstvo HAZU,
  • Znanstveno vijeće za tehnološki razvoj HAZU,
  • Invitation to propose a candidate to the Nobel Committee for the Chemistry for the Nobel prise 1979.
  • 1992 Fellow of the World Innovation Foundation, founded as The Institute of National Economic Enrichment & Development (The INEED), USA.
  • ICSOBA International Society for the Study of Bauxite, Alumina and Aluminium, ICSOBA, (Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts).
  • Genertal Secretary, and „Rédacteur-en-chef“ of 13 issues of the Journal TRAVAUX de l'ICSOBA:
    ISSN 0350-7548 (1996 – 2006).

Organization of Scientific Congresses and Symposia

From the foundation of ICSOBA, (International Committee for the Study of Bauxite, Alumina and Aluminium) 1963 in Zagreb she participated in planning and realization of all manifestations of ICSOBA as a member of Organization Committees, and 3 times as  President of the Organizing Committee. 9 International Congresses of ICSOBA were held: in Zagreb 1963, in Budapest, Hungary 1968, in Nice, France 1973, in Athens, Greece 1978, in Zagreb, Croatia 1983, in Brazil 1988, in Hungary 1992, in Milan, Italia 1997, in Wien Austria 2002, and 17 International Symposia ICSOBE between 1963 and 2006: 4 in Zagreb and Dubrovnik, 1 in Leoben, Austria, 1 in Greece, 3 in Hungary, 2 in Italy, 1 in Jamaica, 1 in Slovakia, 1 in Russia, 1  Theran, Iran, 1 in India, and 1 in Montreal, Canada.
2008 she is Co-chairperson, with prof. dr.sc. P. Paschen from Austria, of Scientific Committee of 10th Inernational Congress of ICSOBA: „Bauxite, Alumina an Aluminium Industry of the Austral-Asia and New Techniological Advances“ in Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India, 27 – 29 Novemner 2008.
She presented original scientific papers from her research field in 9 Congresses and 12 Symposia of ICSOBA.
From 1978 she is reelected every 5 years as the General Secretary of ICSOBA by the General Assembly of ICSOBA until today.
From 1996 to 2006 she is „redactéur en chef“ of 13 issues of the Journal TRAVAUX de l'ICSOBA annual Journal from the ICSOBA foundation.
She participated in organization, as a member of the Organizing Committee of several international and domestic scientific Congresses and Symposia on Corrosion and Protection of Metals, and organized, as the Chairperson of the Organizing Committee, International Symposium:“Symposium on Corrosion Control by Coatings, Cathodic Protection and Ihibitors in Seawater“, 223 rd Event of the European Federation of Corrosion, 4th- 7th October 1998 in Dubrovnik, Croatia.

Honorary membership:

  • 1983 Silver medal of OMBKE, Hungarian Mining and Metallurgical Society
  • 1988 Golden Medal of OMBKE
  • 1992 elected as honorary member of OMBKE at occasion of 100 years celebration of OMBKE Foundation in Miskolc, Hungary. Citation of the inaugaration allocation of Dr. Olga Lahodny-Šarc professzornö, az ICSOBA fötitkára is published in Kohászat Bányászati és Kohászati Lapok , 25.(125) évfolyam, 527, 10, 1992.
  • 100 Hrvatskih kemičara. Olga Šarc-Lahodny, 178-179. Školska knjiga. Zagreb. Edit.: Nenad Trinajstić 2002.

Awards:

  • 1989 Medal of the University of Zagreb, Croatia.
  • 1999 State award of Republic Croatia, named RED DANICE HRVATSKE S LIKOM RUĐERA BOŠKOVIĆA, for outstanding achievements in scientific research.

Scientific Projects, principal investigator:

International Projects:

  • O. Lahodny-Šarc, Des Recherches Physico-chimiques sur les bauxites. Cooperation Techniques, Ministère des Affaires Etrangeres, Ministère des Finances et des Affaires Economiques, Paris, France, 10.10. 1965 - 178. 04.1966. 
  • O. Lahodny-Šarc, Principal investigator of the Project: „Mechanisms and Protective Activity of Membrane Corrosion Inhibitors“, 4 coworkers, in the Project: Problems of Electrolitic Precipitstion and Dissolution of Metals. National Science Foundation, USA, Grant, under PI-480, Program No. GF-31057, 1970-1977.
  • O. Lahodny-Šarc, UNDP Projekt: Special Assistance to Selected University, Andhra University, Andhra Pradesh, India, UNESCO (The United Nation Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization). 1982-1983.
  • O. Lahodny-Šarc, „Crevice Corrosion of Stainless Steel in the Adriatic seawater“ a part of a Project „Corrosivity of Seawater“ European Federation of Corrosion, Project realized in The Institute for Corrosion Research and Desalination of the Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Dubrovnik, with 3 coworkers, 1993-1996.
  • O. Lahodny-Šarc, “Crevice corrosion testing in natural and synthetic seawater in the   Adriatic Sea“, a part of „Crevcorr“ Project of the European Federation of Corrosion, realized in The Institute for Corrosion Research and Desalination, Dubrovnik, 2001- 2003.

National Projects:

O. Šarc-Lahodny - principal investigator

  1. U okviru Projekta „Fizikalno-kemijska istraživanje termodinamike i kinetike metalnih i nemetalnih sirovina voditeljica tema:
    1.1. Mehanizam otapanja čelika i željeza u sumpornoj kiselini uz prisutnost boja, lakova i inhibitora.
    1.2. Studij sinteze i svojstava molekularnih sita u sustavu Al2O3-SiO2-H2O. Naručilac SITZ II za znanost Hrvatske 5 suradnika, 1972-1975.
  2. U okviru Projekta materijali: voditeljica dijela Projekta
    2.1. Ispitivanje svojstava i strukture zaštitnih slojeva nastalih djelovanjem inhibitora
    na čeliku i željezu.
    Naručilac SIZ II za znanost Hrvatske, 5 suradnika, 1975-1980.
  3. U okviru Projekta: Istraživanje i valorizacija mineralnih sirovina potrebnih za razvoj energetike voditeljica dijela projekta:
    3.1. Elektrokemijski procesi na granici faza čvrsto/tekuće.
    3.2. Kinetika stvaranja faza u sustavu Al2O3-SiO2-H2O.
    Naručilac SIZ III za znanost Hrvatske , suradnika, 1976-1980.
  4. U okviru projekta Eksploatacija mineralnih sirovina, voditeljica dijela projekta:
    4. 1. Studij mehanizama korozije i zaštite u izrazito agresivnoj sredini.
    4.2. Ispitivanje sinteze i površinskih svojstava materijala na osnovi aluminosilikatnih
    sirovina.
    Naručilac SIZ III za znanost Hrvatzske, 4 suradnika, 1981-1986.
  5. U okviru projekta :Istraživanja i eksploatacija mineralnih sirovina i fluida, njihovo oplemenjivanje, bilansiranje, voditeljica dijela projekta:
    5.1. Ispitivanje djelovanja inhibitora protiv korozije čelika.
    5.2. Istraživanje i oplemenjivanje aluminosilikatnih sirovina.
    Naručilac SIZ za znanost, 4 suradnika, 1986-1990.
  6. O. Šarc-Lahodny, glavni istzraživač: Reakcijski mehanizmi na granici čvrsta faza / tekući ektrolit. Projekt 1-07-032 Ministarstva znanosti i tehnologije, 4 suradnika, 1990-1996.
  7. O. Šarc-Lahodny, glavni istraživač: Korozija i zaštita metala inhibitorima u morskoj vodi i otopinama klorida
    Projekt 195009 Ministarstva znanosti i tehnologije, 4 suradnika, 1997-1999.
  8. O. Šarc-Lahodny, glavni istraživač: Pukotinska korozija čelika, netoksični inhibitori.
    Projekt 0101020 Ministarstva znanosti i tehnologije, 3 suradnika, 2002-2006.
     

Participation in International and domestic scientific meetings:

  • 40 marked in the lists of Proceed.
  • 20 meetings with published Abstracts

Teaching activitiy:

Undergraduate teaching:

  • 1955-1963: Technical Faculty,University of Zagreb: „Physical Chemistry“ ,“Chemistry of Silicates“, Seminars and Laboratory.
  • 1963-1977: Technological Faculty, University of Zagreb: Courses: „Chemistry and Technology of Silicates“, “Oxide Ceramics and Cermets“.
  • 1977-1988: Faculty of Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering, University of Zagreb, Courses: „Chemistry“, „Selected Topics in Chemistry“.

Mentor of 87 theses for Dipl. Ing. Degree of Technological Faculty. and 5 of Mining,Geology and Petroleum Engineering Faculty in Zagreb.

Postgraduate teaching:

  • 1967-1977: Technological Faculty, University of Zagreb, courses: Chemical Kinetics“, Corrosion and Protection of Metals - Inhibitors“, „Chemistry of Silicates.
  • 1977-1988: Mining, Geology and Petroleum Engineering Faculty, University of Zagreb, courses: „Corrosion and Protection in Petroleum Engineering“, „Physical Chemistry of dirilling muds“,  Colloid Chemistry and Surface Chemistry.
  • Postgraduate study  Oceanology“, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, a course: Corrosion and fouling of sailing and construction objects in the seawater“. 

Mentor 17 theses for Master of Science degree in Technological Faculty (actually Faculty of Chemical Engineering) in Zagrebu, 2 theses for Master of Science degree in Science and Mathematical Faculty in Zagreb.

Mentor of 8 theses for D. Sc. in Technological Faculty (Faculty of Chemical Engineering), and one thesis for D.Sc. in Minig, Geology and Petroleum Engineering in Zagreb.

 


updated: 02/25/15
updated: 09/09/08
date: 06/10/2008
edited by: D. Torbica